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Items filtered by date: May 2022

Tuesday, 31 May 2022 00:00

Three Categories of Nerves

Peripheral neuropathy is a nerve disorder that can affect the feet. It typically causes the inability to feel sensations in the feet, and is prevalent among diabetic patients. Elevated glucose levels can cause neuropathy in the feet, and can be dangerous among diabetics. Neuropathy can affect many types of nerves. The most common are motor, sensory, and autonomic nerves. Motor nerves include those that allow us to walk, talk, and grasp objects. The pain that is felt from a cut is classified as a sensory nerve, and breathing, digestion, and heart functions are in the autonomic nerve category. Muscle weakness is associated with neuropathy, and can be caused by physical injury, arthritis, and diabetes. If you have a lack of feeling in your feet, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can treat and help you to manage neuropathy.

Neuropathy

Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with Jordan S. Steinberg, DPM from Florham Park Podiatry . Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.

What Is Neuropathy?

Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.

Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:

  • Numbness
  • Sensation loss
  • Prickling and tingling sensations
  • Throbbing, freezing, burning pains
  • Muscle weakness

Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.

Treatment

To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.

Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Florham Park, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Wednesday, 25 May 2022 00:00

Treat Your Feet to Diabetic Shoes

Diabetic shoes can bring relief to the feet of patients suffering from diabetes. 

Tuesday, 24 May 2022 00:00

Two Types of Flat Feet

The medical term for flat feet is known as pes planus or pes valgus. The noticeable symptom of flat feet is a lack of an arch when the foot is lying flat on the ground. Most babies are born with flat feet and the arch typically develops with age. Research has indicated there are two types of flat feet. An arch that can be seen when the foot is elevated is known as a flexible flat foot and an absent arch also when the foot is elevated is known as a rigid flat foot. Flexible flat feet generally do not cause severe pain although some patients may feel mild achiness if intensely walking. Abnormal foot development may be the cause of rigid flat foot and surgery can be a necessary option for a significant correction. Some patients will even have a second surgery after the foot has fully formed to fuse the bones together. If you have flat feet, it is advised that you confer with a podiatrist.

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact Jordan S. Steinberg, DPM from Florham Park Podiatry . Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms

  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment

If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Florham Park, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 17 May 2022 00:00

The Importance of Dorsiflexion

Flexing the foot is not something most people spend a lot of time thinking about until they can’t flex their foot. The process of raising the foot in the direction of the shin, known as dorsiflexion, comes naturally as you learn to walk. It happens as you push off the ground whenever you take a step. Dorsiflexion is the result of using the muscles and tendons in the front of the leg and depends on the deep peroneal nerve. If this nerve is damaged, you may be unable to flex your foot. Other possible causes of poor dorsiflexion include a tightened ankle joint, tight calf muscles, or an ankle injury that has not properly healed. Further, injuries to other parts of the body such as the knee, hip, or back, can affect dorsiflexion. Conversely, any problem with dorsiflexion can cause problems moving upward through the body, all the way to the shoulders. Exercises to stretch the calf muscles and strengthen the ankle joint are ways to improve dorsiflexion. If you are unable to flex your foot fully, or at all, please see a podiatrist for an examination, diagnosis, and treatment options.              

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Jordan S. Steinberg, DPM from Florham Park Podiatry . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Florham Park, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 10 May 2022 00:00

A Range of Foot Problems

When your feet are sore, swollen, painful, or aching, it can put your life on hold. You may end up limping or getting tired easily after walking only a short distance. If you have fallen or dropped something heavy on your foot, if you have a large open wound, or if you cannot put weight on your foot, please seek the immediate care of a podiatrist for emergency treatment. Most other foot pain is usually caused by a minor injury, a chronic condition or foot malformation, or simply aging. In the first few days, it is suggested that you embark on the RICE method of healing: rest, ice, compression, and elevation. In some cases, you may need to use a walking aid until the pain subsides. Another helpful hint to ease pain is leading with the good foot when going up stairs, and leading with the problem foot when going down. And, while it seems obvious, do not forget to use a handrail. It is also suggested that if your foot problem continues or worsens, you make an appointment with a podiatrist for a full examination, diagnosis and suggested treatment options.  


 

Everyday foot care is very important to prevent infection and other foot ailments. If you need your feet checked, contact Jordan S. Steinberg, DPM from Florham Park Podiatry . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Everyday Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. Without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks.

It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before. For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops. Wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent Athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Florham Park, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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When children experience a growth spurt during puberty there can be an imbalance in the growth rate of their muscles, bones, and tendons. This is termed Sever’s disease, which generally affects children between the ages of 8 and 14. This condition occurs because the muscles and tendons in the heel become tight, pulling on the growth plate (cartilage) in the back of the heel. It is quite common in children who are particularly active in sports with a lot of running and jumping or other strenuous activities, such as gymnastics and dancing. Your child may experience redness or swelling in the back of the heel, stiffness in the feet first thing in the morning, and pain when the heel is squeezed on both sides. You also may notice them limping or walking on their tiptoes. Cutting down on the activities which induce the pain is one way to help alleviate symptoms of Sever’s disease, which may last for a few months. To be on the safe side, however, it is a good idea to introduce your child to a podiatrist who can conduct a full examination and suggest a program of treatment. 

Sever's disease often occurs in children and teens. If your child is experiencing foot or ankle pain, see Jordan S. Steinberg, DPM from Florham Park Podiatry . Our doctor can treat your child’s foot and ankle needs.

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.

Symptoms

Acute pain – Pain associated with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.

Highly active – Children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Florham Park, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read more about Sever's Disease

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